UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC  20549

FORM 10-Q

x
QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2010

OR

¨
TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from _______ to _______

Commission file number 001-32639

Manhattan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
36-3898269
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

48 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005
(Address of principal executive offices)

(212) 582-3950
(Issuer’s telephone number)

Check whether the issuer:  (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the issuer was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File  required to be submitted and posted to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes           ¨           No           ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer     ¨
Accelerated filer     ¨
Non-accelerated filer     ¨
Smaller reporting company  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ¨  No x

As of May 17, 2010 there were 120,965,260 shares of the issuer’s common stock, $.001 par value, outstanding.

 
 

 

INDEX
 
   
Page
     
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
     
Item 1.
Financial Statements:
 
     
 
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
4
     
 
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
5
     
 
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity (Deficiency)
6
     
 
Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
8
     
 
Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
9
     
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
27
     
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk
37
     
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
37
     
PART II
OTHER INFORMATION
 
     
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
39
     
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
39
     
Item 6.
Exhibits
39
     
 
Signatures
40

 
2

 

Forward-Looking Statements
 
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934. Any statements about our expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, assumptions or future events or performance are not historical facts and may be forward-looking. These statements are often, but not always, made through the use of words or phrases such as “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “project,” “expect,” “may,” “intend” and similar words or phrases. Accordingly, these statements involve estimates, assumptions and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in them. These statements are therefore subject to risks and uncertainties, known and unknown, which could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements. Such risks and uncertainties relate to, among other factors:
 
 
·
the development of our drug candidates;
 
·
the regulatory approval of our drug candidates;
 
·
our use of clinical research centers and other contractors;
 
·
our ability to find collaborative partners for research, development and commercialization of potential products;
 
·
acceptance of our products by doctors, patients or payers;
 
·
our ability to market any of our products;
 
·
our history of operating losses;
 
·
our ability to compete against other companies and research institutions;
 
·
our ability to secure adequate protection for our intellectual property;
 
·
our ability to attract and retain key personnel;
 
·
availability of reimbursement for our product candidates;
 
·
the effect of potential strategic transactions on our business;
 
·
our ability to obtain adequate financing; and
 
·
the volatility of our stock price.
 
Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement or statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict which factors will arise. In addition, we cannot assess the impact of each factor on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.

 
3

 
Part I – Financial Information
Item 1. Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(A Development Stage Company)
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

   
March 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
   
(unaudited)
   
(See Note 1)
 
Assets
           
Current assets:
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 2,017,280     $ 17,996  
Debt issue costs, current portion
    148,733       158,552  
Other current assets
    119,704       87,177  
Total current assets
    2,285,717       263,725  
                 
In-process research and development
    17,742,110       -  
Property and equipment, net
    2,745       3,541  
Debt issue costs
    29,922       77,026  
Other assets
    21,370       21,370  
Total assets
  $ 20,081,864     $ 365,662  
                 
Liabilities and Stockholders' Deficiency
               
Current Liabilities:
               
Secured 12% notes payable, current portion, net
  $ 1,655,461     $ 1,247,062  
8% note payable
    -       27,000  
ICON note payable, current portion
    333,333       -  
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    302,728       291,175  
Interest payable, current portion
    290,439       182,193  
Derivative liability
    4,620,998       784,777  
Total current liabilities
    7,202,959       2,532,207  
Convertible 5% notes payable
    15,452,793       -  
Secured 12% notes payable, non-current portion, net
    -       384,473  
Convertible 12% note payable, net
    42,466       17,808  
ICON convertible note payable, non-current portion
    666,667       -  
Non-interest bearing note payable, net
    216,900       211,900  
Interest payable, non-current portion
    68,417       55,048  
Exchange obligation
    3,949,176       3,949,176  
Total liabilities
    27,599,378       7,150,612  
                 
Commitments and contingencies
               
                 
Stockholders’ deficiency:
               
Preferred stock, $.001 par value. Authorized 1,500,000 shares; no shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009
    -       -  
Common stock, $.001 par value. Authorized 500,000,000 shares; 114,079,543 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2010 and 70,624,232 issued and outstanding on December 31, 2009
    114,080       70,624  
Contingently issuable shares
    15,890       -  
Additional paid-in capital
    55,919,120       55,077,861  
Deficit accumulated during the development stage
    (63,566,604 )     (61,933,435 )
Total stockholders’ deficiency
    (7,517,514 )     (6,784,950 )
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficiency
  $ 20,081,864     $ 365,662  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 
4

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(A Development Stage Company)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Unaudited)

   
Three months ended March 31,
   
Cumulative
period from
August 6, 2001
(inception) to
March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
   
2010
 
Revenue
  $ -     $ -     $ -  
                         
Costs and expenses:
                       
Research and development
    17,767       44,936       28,349,978  
General and administrative
    511,678       512,400       18,705,133  
In-process research and development charge
    -       -       11,887,807  
Impairment of intangible assets
    -       -       1,248,230  
Loss on disposition of intangible assets
    -       -       1,213,878  
Total operating expenses
    529,445       557,336       61,405,026  
                         
Operating loss
    (529,445 )     (557,336 )     (61,405,026 )
                         
Other (income) expense:
                       
Equity in losses of Hedrin JV
    -       135,786       750,000  
Change in fair value of derivative
    942,261       70,000       1,372,331  
Interest and other income
    (75,314 )     (126,728 )     (1,942,543
Interest expense
    236,777       125,450       878,177  
Realized gain on sale of marketable equity securities
    -       -       (76,032 )
                         
Total other (income) expense
    1,103,724       204,508       981,933  
                         
Net loss
    (1,633,169 )     (761,844 )     (62,386,959 )
                         
Preferred stock dividends (including imputed amounts)
    -       -       (1,179,645 )
                         
Net loss applicable to common shares
  $ (1,633,169 )   $ (761,844 )   $ (63,566,604 )
                         
Net loss per common share:
                       
Basic and diluted
  $ (0.02 )   $ (0.01 )        
                         
Weighted average shares of common stock outstanding:
                       
Basic and diluted
    84,638,502       70,624,232          

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 
5

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(A Development Stage Company)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity (Deficiency)
(Unaudited)

   
Common stock
shares
   
Common stock
amount
   
Additional paid-
in capital
   
Deficit
accumulated
during
development
stage
   
Other
   
Total
stockholders’
equity
(deficiency)
 
Stock issued at $0.0004 per share for subscription receivable
    10,167,741     $ 10,168     $ (6,168 )   $ -     $ (4,000 )   $ -  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (56,796 )     -       (56,796 )
Balance at December 31, 2001
    10,167,741       10,168       (6,168 )     (56,796 )     (4,000 )     (56,796 )
                                                 
Proceeds from subscription receivable
    -       -       -       -       4,000       4,000  
Stock issued at $0.0004 per share for license rights
    2,541,935       2,542       (1,542 )     -               1,000  
Stock options issued for consulting services
    -       -       60,589       -       (60,589 )     -  
Amortization of unearned consulting services
    -       -       -       -       22,721       22,721  
Common stock issued at $0.63 per share, net of expenses
    3,043,332       3,043       1,701,275       -       -       1,704,318  
Net loss
    -       -               (1,037,320 )             (1,037,320 )
Balance at December 31, 2002
    15,753,008       15,753       1,754,154       (1,094,116 )     (37,868 )     637,923  
                                                 
Common stock issued at $0.63 per share, net of expenses
    1,321,806       1,322       742,369       -               743,691  
Effect of reverse acquisition
    6,287,582       6,287       2,329,954       -               2,336,241  
Amortization of unearned consulting costs
    -       -       -       -       37,868       37,868  
Unrealized loss on short-term investments
    -       -       -       -       (7,760 )     (7,760 )
Payment for fractional shares for stock combination
    -       -       (300 )     -               (300 )
Preferred stock issued at $10 per share, net of expenses
    -       -       9,045,176       -       1,000       9,046,176  
Imputed preferred stock dividend
                    418,182       (418,182 )             -  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (5,960,907 )             (5,960,907 )
Balance at December 31, 2003
    23,362,396       23,362       14,289,535       (7,473,205 )     (6,760 )     6,832,932  
                                              -  
Exercise of stock options
    27,600       27       30,073       -               30,100  
Common stock issued at $1.10, net of expenses
    3,368,952       3,369       3,358,349       -               3,361,718  
Preferred stock dividend accrued
    -       -       -       (585,799 )             (585,799 )
Preferred stock dividends paid by issuance of shares
    -       -       281,073       -       25       281,098  
Conversion of preferred stock to common stock at $1.10 per share
    1,550,239       1,551       (1,380 )     -       (171 )     -  
Warrants issued for consulting services
    -       -       125,558       -       (120,968 )     4,590  
Amortization of unearned consulting costs
    -       -       -       -       100,800       100,800  
Unrealized gain on short-term investments and reversal of unrealized loss on short-term investments
    -       -       -       -       20,997       20,997  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (5,896,031 )     -       (5,896,031 )
Balance at December 31, 2004
    28,309,187       28,309       18,083,208       (13,955,035 )     (6,077 )     4,150,405  
                                                 
Common stock issued at $1.11 and $1.15, net of expenses
    11,917,680       11,918       12,238,291       -               12,250,209  
Common stock issued to vendor at $1.11 per share in satisfaction of accounts payable
    675,675       676       749,324       -               750,000  
Exercise of stock options
    32,400       33       32,367       -               32,400  
Exercise of warrants
    279,845       279       68,212       -               68,491  
Preferred stock dividend  accrued
    -       -       -       (175,663 )             (175,663 )
Preferred stock dividends paid by issuance of shares
    -       -       477,736             42       477,778  
Conversion of preferred stock to common stock at $1.10 per share
    8,146,858       8,147       (7,251 )     -       (896 )     -  
Share-based compensation
    -       -       66,971       -       20,168       87,139  
Reversal of unrealized gain on short-term investments
    -       -       -       -       (12,250 )     (12,250 )
Stock issued in connection with acquisition of Tarpan Therapeutics, Inc.
    10,731,052       10,731       11,042,253       -               11,052,984  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (19,140,997 )             (19,140,997 )
Balance at December 31, 2005
    60,092,697       60,093       42,751,111       (33,271,695 )     987       9,540,496  
                                                 
Cashless exercise of warrants
    27,341       27       (27 )     -               -  
Share-based compensation
    -       -       1,675,499       -               1,675,499  
Unrealized loss on short-term investments
    -       -       -       -       (987 )     (987 )
Costs associated with private placement
    -       -       (15,257 )     -               (15,257 )
Net loss
    -       -       -       (9,695,123 )             (9,695,123 )
Balance at December 31, 2006
    60,120,038       60,120       44,411,326       (42,966,818 )     -       1,504,628  

 
6

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(A Development Stage Company)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders' Equity (Deficiency)
(Unaudited)

   
Common stock
shares
   
Common
stock
amount
   
Additional
paid-in
capital
   
Deficit
accumulated
during
development
stage
   
Other
   
Total
stockholders’
equity
(deficiency)
 
Common stock issued at $0.84 and $0.90 per shares, net of expenses
    10,185,502     $ 10,186     $ 7,841,999     $ -     $ -     $ 7,852,185  
Common stock issued to directors at $0.72 per share in satisfaction of accounts payable
    27,776       28       19,972       -       -       20,000  
Common stock issued to in connection with in-licensing agreement at $0.90 per share
    125,000       125       112,375       -       -       112,500  
Common stock issued to in connection with in-licensing agreement at $0.80 per share
    150,000       150       119,850       -       -       120,000  
Exercise of warrants
    10,327       15       7,219       -       -       7,234  
Cashless exercise of warrants
    5,589       -       (6 )     -       -       (6 )
Share-based compensation
    -       -       1,440,956       -       -       1,440,956  
Warrants issued for consulting
    -       -       83,670       -       -       83,670  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (12,032,252 )             (12,032,252 )
Balance at December 31, 2007
    70,624,232       70,624       54,037,361       (54,999,070 )     -       (891,085 )
Sale of warrant
    -       -       150,000       -       -       150,000  
Share-based compensation
    -       -       463,890       -       -       463,890  
Warrants issued with secured 12% notes
    -       -       170,128       -       -       170,128  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (4,268,858 )     -       (4,268,858 )
Balance at December 31, 2008
    70,624,232       70,624       54,821,379       (59,267,928 )     -       (4,375,925 )
Cumulative effect of a change in accounting principle
    -       -       (150,000 )     127,778       -       (22,222 )
Balance at January 1, 2009, as adjusted
    70,624,232       70,624       54,671,379       (59,140,150 )     -       (4,398,147 )
Share-based compensation
    -       -       353,438       -       -       353,438  
Warrants issued with secured 12% notes
    -       -       46,125       -       -       46,125  
Warrant issued to placement agent - secured 12% notes
    -       -       6,919       -       -       6,919  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (2,793,285 )     -       (2,793,285 )
Balance at December 31, 2009
    70,624,232       70,624       55,077,861       (61,933,435 )     -       (6,784,950 )
Common stock issued at $0.07, net of expenses
    36,392,888       36,393       2,075,353       -       -       2,111,746  
Shares issued and issuable in Merger
    7,062,423       7,063       1,468,984       -       15,890       1,491,937  
Derivative liability associated with issuance of common stock at $0.07
    -       -       (2,893,960 )     -       -       (2,893,960 )
Share-based compensation
    -       -       190,882       -       -       190,882  
Net loss
    -       -       -       (1,633,169 )     -       (1,633,169 )
Balance at March 31, 2010
    114,079,543     $ 114,080     $ 55,919,120     $ (63,566,604 )   $ 15,890     $ (7,517,514 )

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 
7

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(A Development Stage Company)
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)

   
Three months ended March 31,
   
Cumulative period from
August 6, 2001
 (inception) to March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
   
2010
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
                 
Net loss
  $ (1,633,169 )   $ (761,844 )   $ (62,386,959 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
                       
Equity in losses of Hedrin JV
    -       135,786       750,000  
Share-based compensation
    190,882       104,097       4,373,194  
Interest and amortization of OID and issue costs on Secured 12% Notes
    110,507       119,060       694,480  
Change in fair value of derivative
    942,261       70,000       1,372,331  
Shares issued in connection with in-licensing agreement
    -       -       232,500  
Warrants issued to consultant
    -       -       83,670  
Amortization of intangible assets
    -       -       145,162  
Gain on sale of marketable equity securities
    -       -       (76,032 )
Depreciation
    796       1,576       228,258  
Non cash portion of in-process research and development charge
    -       -       11,721,623  
Loss on impairment and disposition of intangible assets
    -       -       2,462,108  
Other
    -       -       23,917  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
                       
Decrease/(increase) in restricted cash
    -       215,870       -  
Decrease/(increase) in prepaid expenses and other current assets
    88,343       (14,850 )     59,408  
Decrease/(increase) in other assets
    -       -       (36,370 )
Increase/(decrease) in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
    (426,062 )     (515,492 )     (43,096 )
Increase/(decrease) in interest payable, current portion
    108,246       -       108,246  
Increase/(decrease) in interest payable, non-current portion
    13,369       -       13,369  
Net cash used in operating activities
    (604,827 )     (645,797 )     (40,274,191 )
Cash flows from investing activities:
                       
Purchase of property and equipment
    -       -       (239,608 )
Cash acquired/(paid) in connection with acquisitions
    519,365       -       493,334  
Net cash provided from the purchase and sale of short-term investments
    -       -       435,938  
Proceeds from sale of license
    -       -       200,001  
Net cash provided by investing activities
    519,365       -       889,665  
Cash flows from financing activities:
                       
Proceeds from the Hedrin JV agreement
    -       500,000       3,199,176  
Sale of warrant
    -       -       150,000  
Repayment of Secured 10% Notes
    -       (70,000 )     -  
Repayment of 8% Notes
    (27,000 )             -  
Proceeds from sale of Secured 12% Notes
    -       340,270       1,345,413  
Proceeds from sale of Convertible 12% Notes
    -       -       164,502  
Repayments of notes payable to stockholders
    -       -       (884,902 )
Proceeds (costs) related to sale of common stock, net
    2,111,746       -       28,008,008  
Proceeds from sale of preferred stock, net
    -       -       9,046,176  
Proceeds from exercise of warrants and stock options
    -       -       138,219  
Other, net
    -       -       235,214  
Net cash provided by financing activities
    2,084,746       770,270       41,401,806  
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
    1,999,284       124,473       2,017,280  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    17,996       106,023       -  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 2,017,280     $ 230,496     $ 2,017,280  
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
                       
Interest paid
  $ 1,506     $ -     $ 32,936  
Supplemental disclosure of noncash investing and financing activities:
                       
Investment in Hedrin JV
  $ -     $ 250,000     $ 750,000  
Warrants issued with Secured 12% Notes
    -       -       223,172  
Common stock issued in satisfaction of accounts payable
    -       -       770,000  
Imputed and accrued preferred stock dividend
    -       -       1,179,645  
Conversion of preferred stock to common stock
    -       -       1,067  
Preferred stock dividends paid by issuance of shares
    -       -       759,134  
Issuance of common stock for acquisitions
    1,491,937       -       14,881,163  
Issuance of common stock in connection with in-licensing agreement
    -       -       232,500  
Marketable equity securities received in connection with sale of license
    -       -       359,907  
Warrants issued to consultant
    -       -       83,670  
Net liabilities assumed over assets acquired in business combination
    -       -       (675,416 )

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

 
8

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

1.
SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of Manhattan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and subsidiaries (“Manhattan” or the “Company”) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Accordingly, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete annual financial statements.  In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation.  Interim operating results are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2010 or for any other interim period.  These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2009, which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K  for such year.  The condensed balance sheet as of December 31, 2009 has been derived from the audited financial statements included in the Form 10-K for that year.

As of March 31, 2010, the Company has not generated any revenues from the development of its products and is therefore still considered to be a development stage company.

On March 8, 2010, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") by and among the Company, Ariston Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Ariston") and Ariston Merger Corp., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the "Merger Sub").  Pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, on March 8, 2010, the Merger Sub merged with and into Ariston (the "Merger"), with Ariston being the surviving corporation of the Merger.  As a result of the Merger, Ariston became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.  The operating results of Ariston from March 8, 2010 to March 31, 2010 are included in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations.  The condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2010 reflects the acquisition of Ariston, effective March 8, 2010, the date of the Merger.

Segment Reporting

The Company has determined that it operates in only one segment currently, which is biopharmaceutical research and development.

Financial Instruments

At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, the fair values of cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable, the convertible 5% notes payable, the ICON convertible note payable and the secured 12% notes payable approximate their carrying values.  At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009 the fair value of the convertible 12% note does not approximate its carrying value as a portion of the fair value is reflected as a component of derivative liability.

 
9

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Equity in Joint Venture

The Company accounts for its investment in joint venture (see Note 5) using the equity method of accounting. Under the equity method, the Company records its pro-rata share of joint venture income or losses and adjusts the basis of its investment accordingly.

New Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued a statement which sets forth the period after the balance sheet date during which management of a reporting entity should evaluate events or transactions that may occur for potential recognition or disclosure in the financial statements, the circumstances under which an entity should recognize events or transactions occurring after the balance sheet date in its financial statements, and the disclosures that an entity should make about events or transactions that occurred after the balance sheet date. This statement was effective for interim or annual periods ending after June 15, 2009, and the Company adopted the provisions of this statement for the quarter ended June 30, 2009. The adoption of this statement did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.  The Company has evaluated all events or transactions that occurred after March 31, 2010 up through the date we issued these financial statements, and we have disclosed all events or transactions that have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements (see Note 10).

In August 2009, the FASB issued a new pronouncement to provide clarification on measuring liabilities at fair value when a quoted price in an active market is not available. In particular, this pronouncement specifies that a valuation technique should be applied that uses either the quote of the liability when traded as an asset, the quoted prices for similar liabilities when traded as assets, or another valuation technique consistent with existing fair value measurement guidance. This statement is prospectively effective for financial statements issued for interim or annual periods ending after October 1, 2009. The adoption of this statement at December 31, 2009 did not impact the Company’s results of operations or financial condition.

In January 2010, the FASB issued a new pronouncement, Improving Disclosures about Fair Value Measurements(ASU 2010-06). This provision amends previous provisions that require reporting entities to make new disclosures about recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements including the amounts of and reasons for significant transfers into and out of Level 1and Level 2 fair value measurements and separate disclosure of purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements in the reconciliation of Level 3 fair value measurements. This pronouncement was effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for Level 3 reconciliation disclosures which are effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2010.  The adoption of this pronouncement did not have a material impact on the Company’s results of operations or financial condition.

In February 2010, the FASB issued new accounting guidance that amends the previous guidance to (1) eliminate the requirement for an SEC filer to disclose the date through which it has evaluated subsequent events, (2) clarify the period through which conduit bond obligors must evaluate subsequent events and (3) refine the scope of the disclosure requirements for reissued financial statements. The Company adopted this new accounting guidance for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2010. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 
10

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Ariston Merger

On March 8, 2010, the Company entered into the Merger Agreement by and among the Company, Ariston and Merger Sub.  Pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, on March 8, 2010, the Merger Sub merged with and into Ariston, with Ariston being the surviving corporation of the Merger.  As a result of the Merger, Ariston became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.

Under the terms of the Merger Agreement, the consideration payable by the Company to the stockholders and note holders of Ariston consists of the issuance of 7,062,423 shares of the Company's common stock, par value $0.001 per share, ("Common Stock") at Closing (as defined in the Merger Agreement) plus the right to receive up to an additional 24,718,481 shares of Common Stock (the “Milestone Shares”) upon the achievement of certain product-related milestones described below.  In addition, the Company has reserved 38,630,723 shares of its Common Stock for possible future issuance in connection with the conversion of $15.45 million of outstanding Ariston convertible promissory notes.  The noteholders will not have any recourse to the Company for repayment of the notes (their sole recourse being to Ariston), but the noteholders will have the right to convert the notes into shares of the Company's Common Stock at the rate of $0.40 per share.  Further, the Company has reserved 5,000,000 shares of its Common Stock for possible future issuance in connection with the conversion of $1.0 million of outstanding Ariston convertible promissory note issued in satisfaction of a trade payable.  The noteholder will not have any recourse to the Company for repayment of the note (their sole recourse being to Ariston), but the noteholder will have the right to convert the note into shares of the Company's Common Stock at the rate of $0.20 per share.

Upon the achievement of the milestones described below, the Company would be obligated to issue portions of the Milestone Shares to the former Ariston stockholders and noteholders:
 
·
Upon the affirmative decision of the Company’s Board of Directors, provided that such decision is made prior to March 8, 2011, to further develop the AST-915, either internally or through a corporate partnership, the Company would issue 8,828,029 of the Milestone Shares.
 
·
Upon the acceptance by the FDA of the Company's filing of the first New Drug Application for the AST-726 product candidate, the Company would issue 7,062,423 of the Milestone Shares.
 
·
Upon the Company receiving FDA approval to market the AST-726 product candidate in the United States of America, the Company would issue 8,828,029 of the Milestone Shares.

Certain members and former members of the Company's board of directors and principal stockholders of the Company owned Ariston securities.  Timothy McInerney, a director of Manhattan, owned 16,668 shares of Ariston common stock which represented less than 1% of Ariston’s outstanding common stock as of the closing of the Merger.  Neil Herskowitz, a director of Manhattan, indirectly owned convertible promissory notes of Ariston with interest and principal in the amount of $192,739.  Michael Weiser, a director of Manhattan, owned 117,342 shares of Ariston common stock, which represented approximately 2.1% of Ariston’s outstanding common stock as of the closing of the Merger.  Lindsay Rosenwald, a more than 5% beneficial owner of Manhattan common stock, in his individual capacity and indirectly through trusts and companies he controls owned 497,911 shares of Ariston common stock, which represented approximately 8.9% of Ariston’s outstanding common stock as of the closing of the Merger and indirectly owned convertible promissory notes of Ariston in the amount of $141,438.

 
11

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The Company merged with Ariston principally to add new products to our portfolio. Prior to the Merger, Ariston was a private, clinical stage specialty biopharmaceutical company based in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts that in-licenses, develops and plans to market novel therapeutics for the treatment of serious disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems.

The Merger date fair value of the total consideration paid was $1,491,937 which consisted of 7,062,423 shares of the Company’s common stock issued upon the Merger and 15,890,452 contingently issuable shares upon Ariston’s attaining certain milestones as described above.  The Company does not believe the attainment of the milestone for AST-915 is highly probable and has recorded no contingent consideration relative to it.  The par value of the contingently issuable common shares is reflected in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 31, 2010 as a component of stockholders’ deficiency, contingently issuable shares.

The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the Merger date:

Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 519,365  
Other assets
    120,870  
Total identifiable assets
    640,235  
         
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
    437,615  
ICON convertible note payable
    1,000,000  
5% convertible notes payable
    15,452,793  
Total identifiable liabilities
    16,890,408  
         
Net identifiable assets (liabilities)
    (16,250,173 )
         
In-process research and development acquired
    17,742,110  
         
Net assets acquired
  $ 1,491,937  

The following supplemental pro forma information presents the financial results as if the acquisition of Ariston had occurred on January 1, 2009 for the quarter ended March 31, 2009 and on January 1, 2010 for the quarter ended March 31, 2010.  This supplemental pro forma information has been prepared for comparative purposes and does not purport to be indicative of what would have occurred had the acquisition been made on January 1, 2009 or January 1, 2010, nor are they indicative of future results.

Pro forma consolidated results:
 
Quarter ended March 31,
 
   
2009
   
2010
 
Revenue
  $ -     $ -  
Net loss
  $ (1,544,229 )   $ (1,787,172 )
Basic and diluted earnings per share
  $ (0.02 )   $ (0.02 )

 
12

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

2.
LIQUIDITY

The Company incurred a net loss of $1,633,169 and negative cash flows from operating activities of $604,827 for the three month period ended March 31, 2010 and negative cash flows from operating activities of $645,797 for the three month period ended March 31, 2009.  The net loss applicable to common shares from date of inception, August 6, 2001, to March 31, 2010 amounts to $63,566,604.

In the first quarter of 2009 the Company received approximately $0.3 million from the final closing of the sale of Secured 12% Notes and approximately $0.5 million in February 2009 from a joint venture agreement.

In the first quarter of 2010, the Company received $40,000 from Ariston Pharmaceuticals, Inc. in exchange for notes in January 2010 and approximately $2.1 million from an equity financing transaction (see Note 7). The Company repaid the $40,000 received from Ariston in the first quarter of 2010 and the $27,000 received from Ariston in the fourth quarter of 2009 together with interest thereon prior to the Merger.

Management believes that the Company will continue to incur net losses through at least March 31, 2011 and for the foreseeable future thereafter.  Based on the resources of the Company available at March 31, 2010, management believes that the Company has sufficient capital to fund its operations through the end of 2010.  Management believes that the Company will need additional equity or debt financing or will need to generate positive cash flow from a joint venture agreement, see Note 5, or generate revenues through licensing of its products or entering into strategic alliances to be able to sustain its operations into 2011.  Furthermore, the Company will need additional financing thereafter to complete development and commercialization of our products.  There can be no assurances that we can successfully complete development and commercialization of our products.
 
The Company’s continued operations will depend on its ability to raise additional funds through various potential sources such as equity and debt financing, collaborative agreements, strategic alliances and its ability to realize the full potential of its technology in development.  Additional funds may not become available on acceptable terms, and there can be no assurance that any additional funding that the Company does obtain will be sufficient to meet the Company’s needs in the long-term.
 
These matters raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

3.
COMPUTATION OF NET LOSS PER COMMON SHARE

Basic net loss per common share is calculated by dividing net loss applicable to common shares by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period.  Diluted net loss per common share is the same as basic net loss per common share, since potentially dilutive securities from stock options and stock warrants would have an antidilutive effect because the Company incurred a net loss during each period presented.  The amounts of potentially dilutive securities excluded from the calculation were 164,890,446 and 95,358,343 shares at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.  These amounts do not include the 71,428,571 shares issuable upon the exercise of the put or call rights issued in connection with the Hedrin JV (see Note 5) which were subject to anti-dilution rights upon the issuance of common shares in the 2010 equity financing transaction (see Note 7).

 
13

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

4.
SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

The Company has stockholder-approved stock incentive plans for employees, directors, officers and consultants.  Prior to January 1, 2006, the Company accounted for the employee, director and officer plans using the intrinsic value method. Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted the share-based payment method for employee options using the modified prospective transition method. This new method of accounting for stock options eliminated the option to use the intrinsic value method and required the Company to expense the fair value of all employee options over the vesting period.  Under the modified prospective transition method, the Company recognized compensation cost for the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 which includes a) period compensation cost related to share-based payments granted prior to, but not yet vested, as of January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the original provisions; and b) period compensation cost related to share-based payments granted on or after January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the new accounting methodology. In accordance with the modified prospective method, the Company has not restated prior period results.

The Company recognizes compensation expense related to stock option grants on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.  For the three month periods ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company recognized share-based employee compensation cost of $190,882 and $104,097, respectively.  The Company did not capitalize any share-based compensation cost.
 
Options granted to consultants and other non-employees are recorded at fair value at the date of grant and subsequently adjusted to fair value at the end of each reporting period until such options vest, and the fair value of the options, as adjusted, is amortized to consulting expense over the related vesting period.  Accordingly, such options are recorded at fair value at the date of grant and subsequently adjusted to fair value at the end of each reporting period until such options vest, and the fair value of the options, as adjusted, is amortized to consulting expense over the related vesting period.  As a result of adjusting consultant and other non-employee options to fair value as of March 31, 2010 and 2009 respectively, net of amortization, the Company recognized an increase to general and administrative and research and development expenses of $249 for the three month period ended March 31, 2010 and an increase to general and administrative and research and development expenses of $378 for the three month period ended March 31, 2009. The Company has allocated share-based compensation costs to general and administrative and research and development expenses as follows:

 
14

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

   
Three months ended March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
General and administrative expense:
           
Share-based employee compensation cost
  $ 190,633     $ 103,719  
Share-based consultant and non-employee cost
    25       38  
      190,658       103,757  
Research and development expense
               
Share-based employee compensation cost
    -       -  
Share-based consultant and non-employee cost
    224       340  
      224       340  
Total share-based cost
  $ 190,882     $ 104,097  
 
To compute compensation expense in 2010 and 2009 the Company estimated the fair value of each option award on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model. The Company based the expected volatility assumption on a volatility index of peer companies as the Company did not have a sufficient number of years of historical volatility of its common stock.  The expected term of options granted represents the period of time that options are expected to be outstanding.  The Company estimated the expected term of stock options by the simplified method.  The expected forfeiture rates are based on the historical employee forfeiture experiences. To determine the risk-free interest rate, the Company utilized the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant with a term consistent with the expected term of the Company’s awards.  The Company has not declared a dividend on its common stock since its inception and has no intentions of declaring a dividend in the foreseeable future and therefore used a dividend yield of zero.
 
The following table shows the weighted average assumptions the Company used to develop the fair value estimates for the determination of the compensation charges in 2010 and 2009:
 
   
Three months ended March 31,
 
   
2010
   
2009
 
             
Expected volatility
    88 %     94 %
Dividend yield
    -       -  
Expected term (in years)
    6       6  
Risk-free interest rate
    2.47 %     1.88 %
 
The Company has shareholder-approved incentive stock option plans for employees under which it has granted non-qualified and incentive stock options.  In December 2003, the Company established the 2003 Stock Option Plan (the “2003 Plan”), which provided for the granting of up to 5,400,000 options to officers, directors, employees and consultants for the purchase of stock.  In August 2005, the Company increased the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 2003 Plan by 2,000,000 shares.  In May 2007, the Company increased the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 2003 Plan by 3,000,000 shares.  In November 2009, the Company increased the number of shares of common stock reserved for issuance under the 2003 plan by an additional 4,600,000 shares.  At March 31, 2010, 15,000,000 shares were authorized for issuance.  The options have a maximum term of 10 years and vest over a period determined by the Company’s Board of Directors (generally 3 years) and are issued at an exercise price equal to or greater than the fair market value of the shares at the date of grant.  The 2003 Plan expires on December 10, 2013 or when all options have been granted, whichever is sooner. At March 31, 2010 options to purchase 11,584,936 shares were outstanding, 27,776 shares of common stock were issued and  there were 3,387,288 shares reserved for future grants under the 2003 Plan.

 
15

 
 
MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
In July 1995, the Company established the 1995 Stock Option Plan (the”1995 Plan”), which provided for the granting of options to purchase up to 130,000 shares of the Company’s common stock to officers, directors, employees and consultants.  The 1995 Plan was amended several times to increase the number of shares reserved for stock option grants.  In June 2005 the 1995 Plan expired and no further options can be granted.   At March 31, 2010 options to purchase 1,137,240 shares were outstanding and no shares were reserved for future stock option grants under the 1995 Plan.
 
A summary of the status of the Company’s stock options as of March 31, 2010 and changes during the period then ended is presented below:
 
   
Shares
   
Weighted
average
exercise
price
   
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (years)
   
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2009
    7,459,936     $ 0.7180       6.160        
Granted
    4,125,000     $ 0.0701       9.330        
Exercised
    -                        
Cancelled
                             
Outstanding at March 31, 2010
    11,584,936     $ 0.4871       6.680     $ 57,500  
Exercisable at March 31, 2010
    9,886,602     $ 0.5491       6.150     $ -  
Weighted-average fair value of options granted during the three month period ended March 31, 2010
  $ 0.0464                          
 
As of March 31, 2010, the total compensation cost related to nonvested option awards not yet recognized is $83,607.  The weighted average period over which it is expected to be recognized is approximately 2.6 years.

5.
JOINT VENTURE
 
In February 2008, the Company and Nordic Biotech Advisors ApS through its investment fund Nordic Biotech Venture Fund II K/S (“Nordic”) entered into a joint venture agreement (the “Hedrin JV Agreement”) to develop and commercialize the Company's North American rights (under license) to its Hedrin product.

 
16

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Pursuant to the Hedrin JV Agreement, Nordic formed a new Danish limited partnership, H Pharmaceuticals K/S, (the "Hedrin JV") and provided it with initial funding of $2.5 million and the Company assigned and transferred its North American rights in Hedrin to the Hedrin JV in return for a $2.0 million cash payment from the Hedrin JV and equity in the Hedrin JV representing 50% of the nominal equity interests in the Hedrin JV.  At closing the Company recognized an investment in the Hedrin JV of $250,000 and an exchange obligation of $2,054,630.  The exchange obligation represents the Company’s obligation to Nordic to issue the Company’s common stock in exchange for all or a portion of Nordic’s equity interest in the Hedrin JV upon the exercise by Nordic of the put issued to Nordic in the Hedrin JV Agreement transaction.  The put is described below.
 
In June 2008, Nordic invested an additional $1.0 million, for a total of $3.5 million, in the Hedrin JV and made an advance of $250,000 to the Hedrin JV and the Hedrin JV made an additional $1.0 million payment, for a total of $3.0 million, to the Company.  The Hedrin JV also distributed additional ownership equity sufficient for each of the Company and Nordic to maintain their ownership interest at 50%.  The FDA classified Hedrin as a Class III medical device in February 2009.  Upon attaining this classification of Hedrin by the FDA, Nordic invested an additional $1.25 million, for a total investment of $5 million, into the Hedrin JV,  the Hedrin JV paid an additional $0.5 million, for a total of $3.5 million, to the Company and the $250,000 that Nordic advanced to the Hedrin JV in June became an equity investment in the Hedrin JV by Nordic.
 
In February 2009, the Company’s exchange obligation increased by $1,000,000 and the Company’s investment in the Hedrin JV increased by $500,000 as a result of the investment by Nordic of an additional $1.25 million into the Hedrin JV, the reclassification of the advance made by Nordic in June 2008 to the Hedrin JV of $250,000 into an equity interest and the payment of $500,000 by the Hedrin JV to the Company. At March 31,2010, the Company’s exchange obligation is $3,949,176.
 
During the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company recognized $0 and $135,786, respectively, of equity in the losses of the Hedrin JV.  This reduced the carrying value of its investment in the Hedrin JV to $0 at March 31, 2010 and $364,214 at March 31, 2009.  As of March 31, 2010, the Company’s share of the losses is $670,288; equity in losses of Hedrin JV previously recognized was $500,000 leaving a remaining balance of $170,288 of losses that was not recognized at March 31, 2010.
 
The Hedrin JV is responsible for the development and commercialization of Hedrin for the North American market and all associated costs including clinical trials, if required, regulatory costs, patent costs, and future milestone payments owed to T&R, the licensor of Hedrin.
 
The Hedrin JV has engaged the Company to provide management services to the Limited Partnership in exchange for a management fee.  For the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company has recognized $75,000 and $108,845, respectively, of other income from management fees earned from the Hedrin JV which is included in the Company’s statements of operations for the quarters ended March 31, 2010 and 2009 as a component of interest and other income.
 
As per the Limited Partnership Agreement between the Company and Nordic (the “LPA”) in the event that a limited partner in the Hedrin JV (a “Limited Partner”) determines, in its reasonable good faith discretion, that the Hedrin JV requires additional capital for the proper conduct of its business that Limited Partner shall provide each Limited Partner with a written request for contribution of such Limited Partner’s proportionate share, in accordance to the then respective equity ownership in the Hedrin JV, of such requested additional capital amount.

 
17

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

As per the terms of the LPA, if a Limited Partner declines to so contribute, elects to contribute but thereafter fails to do so timely, or elects to contribute and timely does contribute some, but not all of, its proportionate share of the requested additional capital amount, the other Limited Partner shall have the option to contribute the remaining balance of such requested additional capital amount.

As per the terms of the LPA, the General Partner shall determine the fair market value of the shares for purposes of determining how to allocate the number of shares of the Hedrin JV to be issued in consideration for the contribution of capital.  If the General Partner is unable to determine the fair market value of the shares, the fair market value for the shares shall be determined in good faith by the contributing Limited Partner if such amount is equal to or greater than the most recent valuation of such Hedrin JV shares.

On December 31, 2009, Nordic Biotech Venture Fund II (“Nordic”) delivered a written notice to the Company for a $1,000,000 capital increase to the Hedrin JV.  In January 2010, Nordic made its capital contribution to the Hedrin JV of $500,000.  The Company did not have sufficient funds to make such a capital contribution within the required time prescribed in the LPA.

The General Partner was unable to determine the fair market value of the shares.  The contributing Limited Partner, Nordic, determined in good faith that the fair market value of the shares is equal to the most recent valuation.  The most recent valuation was the February 2009 investment of $1,500,000 into the Hedrin JV by Nordic at $5,000 per share.  As a result of Nordic’s investing an additional $500,000 in the Hedrin JV the ownership percentages of the Hedrin JV have changed from 50% to Nordic and 50% for the Company to 52.38% to Nordic and 47.62% for the Company.  In the event that Nordic exercises its option to invest the remaining $500,000 of the $1,000,000 capital increase then the ownership percentage shall change to 54.55% for Nordic and 45.45% for the Company.

6.
NOTES PAYABLE

a.           Secured 10% Notes Payable
In September 2008, Manhattan entered into a series of Secured 10% Notes (the “Secured 10% Notes”) with certain of our directors, officers and an employee (the “Secured 10% Note Holders”) for aggregate of $70,000.   Principal and interest on the Secured 10% Notes shall be paid in cash on March 10, 2009 unless paid earlier by us.  Pursuant to the Secured 10% Notes, we also issued to the Secured 10% Note Holders 5-year warrants to purchase an aggregate of 140,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.20 per share.  Manhattan granted to the Secured 10% Note Holders a continuing security interest in certain specific refunds, deposits and repayments due Manhattan and expected to be repaid to Manhattan in the next several months.  The Secured 10% Notes plus interest were repaid on February 4, 2009.

 
18

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
b.           Secured 12% Notes Payable
On November 19, 2008, December 23, 2008 and February 3, 2009, the Company completed the first, second and final closings on a financing transaction (the “Secured 12% Notes Transaction”).  The Company sold $1,725,000 of 12% senior secured notes (the “Secured 12% Notes”) and issued warrants to the investors to purchase 57.5 million shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.09 per share.  The warrants expire on December 31, 2013.  Net proceeds of $1.4 million were realized from the three closings.  In addition, $78,000 of issuance costs were paid outside of the closings.   Per the terms of the 12% Notes Transaction the net proceeds were paid into a deposit account  (the “Deposit Account”) and are to be paid out to the Company in monthly installments of $113,300 retroactive to October 1, 2008 and a one-time payment of $200,000.  Per the terms of the 12% Notes Transaction the monthly installments are to be used exclusively to fund the current operating expenses of the Company and the one-time payment was to be used for trade payables incurred prior to October 1, 2008.  The Company received $876,700 of such monthly installments and the one time payment of $200,000 during the year ended December 31,  2009.  There was no remaining balance in the Deposit Account at December 31, 2009.

National Securities Corporation (“National”) was the placement agent for the 12% Notes Transaction.  National’s compensation for acting as placement agent is a cash fee of 10% of the gross proceeds received, a non-accountable expense allowance of 1.5% of the gross proceeds, reimbursement of certain expenses and a warrant to purchase such number of shares of the Company’s common stock equal to 15% of the shares underlying the warrants issued to the investors.  The Company paid National a total of $202,000 in placement agent fees, a non-accountable expense allowance and reimbursement of certain expenses.  In addition, the Company issued warrants to purchase 8.6 million shares of the Company’s common stock at $0.09 per share.  These warrants were valued at $29,110 and are a component of Secured 12% notes payable issue costs.  The warrants expire on December 31, 2013.
 
The Secured 12% Notes mature two years after issuance.  Interest on the  Secured 12% Notes is compounded quarterly and payable at maturity.  At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, accrued and unpaid interest on the Secured 12% Notes amounted to approximately $290,000 and $229,000,  and is reflected in the accompanying balance sheets at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively, as interest payable on secured 12% notes payable. The Secured 12% Notes are secured by a pledge of all of the Company’s assets except for its investment in the Hedrin JV.  In addition, to provide additional security for the Company’s obligations under the notes, the Company entered into a default agreement, which provides that upon an event of default under the notes, the Company shall, at the request of the holders of the notes, use reasonable commercial efforts to either (i) sell a part or all of the Company’s interests in the Hedrin joint venture or (ii) transfer all or part of the Company’s interest in the Hedrin JV to the holders of the notes, as necessary, in order to fulfill the Company’s obligations under the notes, to the extent required and to the extent permitted by the applicable Hedrin joint venture agreements.
 
In connection with the private placement, the Company, the placement agent and the investors entered into a registration rights agreement.  Pursuant to the registration rights agreement, we agreed to file a registration statement to register the resale of the shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of the warrants issued to the investors in the private placement, within 20 days of the final closing date and to cause the registration statement to be declared effective within 90 days (or 120 days upon full review by the Securities and Exchange Commission). During the year ended December 31, 2009 we filed the registration statement, received a comment letter from the SEC and responded to the comment letter from the SEC.  The registration statement was declared effective on April 17, 2009.
 
The Company incurred a total of approximately $424,000 of costs in the issuance of the $1,725,000 of Secured 12% Notes sold in 2008 and  2009.  These costs were capitalized and are being amortized over the life of the Secured 12% Notes into interest expense.  During the quarter ended March 31, 2010 and the year ended December 31, 2009, the amount amortized into interest expense was approximately $52,000 and $206,000, respectively.  The remaining unamortized balance of approximately $149,000 and $201,000 is reflected in the accompanying balance sheets as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively, as Secured 12% Notes payable issue costs.

 
19

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
The Company recognized an original issue discount (the “OID”) of approximately $194,000 on the issuance of the Secured 12% Notes sold for the value of the warrants issued to the investors.  The OID is being amortized over the life of the Secured 12% Notes into interest expense.  During the quarter ended March 31, 2010 and year ended December 31, 2009 the amount amortized into interest expense was approximately $24,000 and $94,000, respectively.  The remaining unamortized balance of approximately $69,000 and $93,000 has been netted against the face amount of the Secured 12% Notes in the accompanying balance sheets as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.  As per the terms of the 12% Notes Transaction the Company’s officers agreed to certain modifications of their employment agreements.

c.           8% Note Payable
On December 21, 2009, the Company entered into a Future Advance Promissory Note (the “8% Note”) with Ariston under which the Company may withdraw up to $67,000 bearing interest at a rate of 8%.   As of December 31, 2009, the Company had withdrawn $27,000 from Ariston subject to the terms of the 8% Note.  On January 13, 2010, the Company withdrew an additional $20,000 subject to the 8% Note and on January 28, 2010, the Company withdrew an additional $20,000 subject to the 8% Note.
 
On March 4, 2010, the Company repaid Ariston the $67,000 withdrawn subject to the 8% Note and accrued interest of $816.
 
d.           Non-interest Bearing Note Payable
On October 27, 2009, the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement and Mutual Release with Swiss Pharma Contract LTD (“Swiss Pharma”) pursuant to which the Company agreed to pay Swiss Pharma $200,000 and issue to Swiss Pharma an interest free promissory note in the principal amount of $250,000 in full satisfaction of the September 5, 2008 arbitration award. The amount of the Arbitration award was $683,027 at September 30, 2009 and was included as a component of accrued expenses.

In connection with the non-interest bearing note, the Company recognized an original issue discount of  $40,000 of imputed interest on the note, which is being amortized into interest expense on a straight-line basis over the two-year term of the note.  For the quarter ended March 31, 2010 and the year ended December 31, 2009, the Company amortized $5,000 and $1,900 of the OID into interest expense, respectively.  The remaining unamortized balance of $33,100 has been netted against the face amount of the non-interest bearing note payable in the accompanying balance sheets as of March 31, 2010.

 
20

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
e.           Convertible 12% Note Payable
In conjunction with the Settlement Agreement and Mutual Release with Swiss Pharma described above, on October 28, 2009, the Company entered into a Subscription Agreement (the “Subscription Agreement”) pursuant to which it sold a 12% Original Issue Discount Senior Subordinated Convertible Debenture with a stated value of $400,000 (the “Convertible 12% Note”) and a warrant to purchase 2,222,222 shares of the Company’s common stock, par value $.001 per share  for a purchase price of $200,000.  The Convertible 12% Note is convertible into shares of Common Stock at an initial conversion price of $0.09 per share, subject to adjustment, or, in the event the Company issues new securities in connection with a financing, the Convertible 12% Note may be converted into such new securities at a conversion price equal to the purchase price paid by the purchasers of such new securities.  The Company may also, in its sole discretion, elect to pay interest due on the Convertible 12% Note quarterly in shares of the Company’s common stock provided such shares are subject to an effective registration statement.  The Convertible 12% Note is subordinated to the Company’s outstanding Secured 12% Notes.  The Warrant is exercisable at an exercise price of $0.11 per share, subject to adjustment.  Because the Convertible 12% Note and the Warrant are convertible into shares of the Company, subject to adjustment, the conversion feature is subject to Derivative Liability accounting (see Note 8).
 
National Securities Corporation (“National”) was the placement agent for the Convertible 12% Note transaction.  In connection with the issuance of the Securities, the Company issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 222,222 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.11 per share, subject to adjustment, to the placement agent and certain of its designees.  Because the warrant is convertible into shares of the Company, subject to adjustment, the warrants are subject to Derivative Liability accounting (see Note 8). The warrants expire on October 28, 2014.
 
The Convertible 12% Notes mature two years after issuance.  Interest on the Convertible 12% Note is compounded quarterly and payable at maturity.  At March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, accrued and unpaid interest on the Convertible 12% Note amounted to approximately $21,000 and $9,000, respectively,  and is reflected in the accompanying balance sheet at March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively, as interest payable on convertible 12% notes payable.
 
The Company incurred a total of approximately $38,000 of costs in the issuance of the Convertible 12% Note sold in 2009.  These costs were capitalized and are being amortized over the life of the  Convertible 12% Note into interest expense.  During the quarter ended March 31, 2010 and the year ended December 31, 2009, the amount amortized into interest expense was approximately $5,000 and $3,000, respectively.  The remaining unamortized balance of approximately $30,000 and $35,000, respectively, is reflected in the accompanying balance sheet as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, as a non-current asset, convertible 12% note payable issue costs.
 
The Company recognized an original issue discount of approximately $200,000 on the issuance of the Convertible 12% Notes. The OID is being amortized over the life of the Convertible 12% Notes into interest expense.  During the quarter ended March 31, 2010 and the year ended December 31, 2009 the amount amortized into interest expense was approximately $24,000 and $18,000, respectively.  The remaining unamortized balance of approximately $158,000 and $182,000 has been netted against the face amount of the Convertible 12% Notes in the accompanying balance sheet as of March 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, respectively.
 
f.            Convertible 5% Notes Payable
Upon the Merger, Ariston issued $15,452,793 of five-year 5% notes payable (the “5% Notes Payable”) in satisfaction of several note payable issuances.  The cumulative liability including accrued and unpaid interest of these several issuances of notes was $15,452,793 as of the Merger date.  Interest is payable at maturity and compounds annually.  The 5% Notes Payable and accrued and unpaid interest thereon are convertible at the option of the holder into the Company’s common stock at the conversion price of $0.40 per share.  Ariston agreed to make quarterly payments on the 5% Notes Payable equal to 50% of the gross proceeds resulting from the revenues received from the exploitation or commercialization of Ariston’s product candidates, AST-726 and AST915.  The 5% Notes Payable are solely the obligation of Ariston and have no recourse to the Company other than the conversion feature discussed above.

 
21

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
g.           ICON Convertible Note Payable
   Upon the Merger, Ariston satisfied an account payable of $1,275,188 to ICON Clinical Research Limited through the payment of $275,188 in cash and the issuance of a three-year 5% note payable (the “ICON Note Payable”).  The principal is to be repaid in 36 monthly installments of $27,778 commencing in April 2010.  Interest is payable monthly in arrears. .  The ICON Convertible Note Payable is convertible at the option of the holder into the Company’s common stock at the conversion price of $0.20 per share.

7.
2010 EQUITY FINANCING

On March 2, 2010, the Company raised aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $2,547,500 pursuant to a private placement of its securities (the “2010 Equity Financing”).  The Company entered into subscription agreements (the "Subscription Agreements") with seventy-seven accredited investors (the "Investors") pursuant to which the Company sold an aggregate of 101.9 Units (as defined herein) for a purchase price of $25,000 per Unit.  Pursuant to the Subscription Agreements, the Company issued to each Investor units (the "Units") consisting of (i) 357,143 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value per share (the “Common Stock” or “Shares”) of the Company and (ii) 535,714 warrants (each a “Warrant” and collectively the “Warrants”), each of which will entitle the holder to purchase one additional share of Common Stock for a period of five years (each a “Warrant Share” and collectively the “Warrant Shares”) at an exercise price of $0.08 per share.  Because the Warrant Shares are convertible into shares of the Company, subject to adjustment, the conversion feature is subject to Derivative Liability accounting (see Note 8).
 
National was the placement agent for the 2010 Equity Financing transaction.  In connection with the issuance of the Securities, the Company issued warrants to purchase an aggregate of 3,369,289 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.08 per share, subject to adjustment, to the placement agent and certain of its designees.  Because the warrant is convertible into shares of the Company, subject to adjustment, the warrants are subject to Derivative Liability accounting (see Note 8). The warrants expire on March 2, 2015.
 
The Nordic Put and Nordic Warrant were issued at a value of $0.14 per share and were issued with anti-dilution rights. The issuance of any securities at a value of less than $0.14 per share activates Nordic’s anti-dilution rights. The Secured 12% Note transaction included warrants with an exercise price of $0.09 per share, this activated Nordic’s anti-dilution rights as reflected in the table below under the caption “Before the Equity Pipe Transaction”.  Any issuances of any securities subsequent to the Secured 12% Note transaction at a value of less than $0.09 further activates Nordic’s anti-dilution rights.  The Equity Pipe transaction in March 2010 effectively included the sale of one share of common stock and a warrant to purchase 1.5 shares of common stock for a price of $0.07. The JV Agreement between Nordic and Manhattan governs the antidilution protection to Nordic.  Section 5.1 of that agreement state ”If shares of Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalents are issued or sold together with other stock or securities or other assets of MHA (Manhattan) for a consideration which covers both, the effective price per share shall be computed with regard to the portion of the consideration so received that may reasonably be determined in good faith by the Board of Directors, to be allocable to such Common Stock or Common Stock Equivalent.”  The good faith determination of the effective price per share was $0.07 for each share of common stock sold and a de minimus value to the warrants.  The Nordic Put and the Nordic Warrant are now valued at a price of $0.07 per share.  The following table shows the effect of Nordic’s anti-dilution rights.

 
22

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
   
Shares Issuable
Upon Exercise of
Nordic's Put
   
Shares Issuable
Upon Exercise of
Nordic's Warrant
   
Total Shares Issuable
Upon Exercise of
Nordic's Put and
Warrant
 
Before the Equity Pipe Transaction
    55,555,556       11,111,111       66,666,667  
Antidilution shares
    15,873,015       3,174,603       19,047,618  
After the Equity Pipe Transaction
    71,428,571       14,285,714       85,714,285  

In March 2010, we received correspondence from Nordic that questions how we calculated the anti-dilution shares, as shown above, and suggesting that we did not employ a good faith estimate.  We believe our determination was made in good faith and is appropriate. See Note 11.
 
All of the Investors represented that they were “accredited investors,” as that term is defined in Rule 501(a) of Regulation D under the Securities Act, and the sale of the Units was made in reliance on exemptions provided by Regulation D and Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
 
In connection with the closing of the private placement, the Company, the placement agent acting in connection with the private placement (the “Placement Agent”) and the Investors entered into a Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of March 2, 2010, and the Company agreed to file a registration statement to register the resale of the Shares, within 60 days of the final closing date and to cause the registration statement to be declared effective within 150 days (or 180 days upon review by the SEC).
 
The Company received net proceeds of approximately $2,100,000 after payment of an aggregate of approximately $300,000 of commissions and expense allowance to the Placement Agent, and approximately $100,000 of other offering and related costs in connection with the private placement. In addition, the Company issued a warrant to purchase 3,639,289 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.08 per share to the Placement Agent as additional compensation for its services.
 
The Company did not use any form of advertising or general solicitation in connection with the sale of the Units. The Shares, the Warrants and the Warrant Shares are non-transferable in the absence of an effective registration statement under the Act, or an available exemption therefrom, and all certificates are imprinted with a restrictive legend to that effect.

 
23

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
8.
DERIVATIVE LIABILITY
 
In April 2008, the FASB issued a pronouncement which provides guidance on determining what types of instruments or embedded features in an instrument held by a reporting entity can be considered indexed to its own stock for the purpose of evaluating the first criteria of the scope exception in the pronouncement on accounting for derivatives. This pronouncement was effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. The adoption of these requirements can affect the accounting for warrants and many convertible instruments with provisions that protect holders from a decline in the stock price (or “down-round” provisions). For example, warrants with such provisions will no longer be recorded in equity. Down-round provisions reduce the exercise price of a warrant or convertible instrument if a company either issues equity shares for a price that is lower than the exercise price of those instruments or issues new warrants or convertible instruments that have a lower exercise price. We evaluated whether warrants to acquire stock of the Company contain provisions that protect holders from declines in the stock price or otherwise could result in modification of the exercise price under the respective warrant agreements. We determined that the warrant issued to Nordic in April 2008 (the “Nordic Warrant”), the warrants issued in connection with the 2009 sale of the Convertible 12% Note Payable, and the warrants issued in connection with the 2010 Equity Financing contained such provisions, thereby concluding they were not indexed to the Company’s own stock and were reclassified from equity to derivative liabilities.
 
In accordance with this pronouncement, the Company estimated the fair value of the Nordic  Warrant as of January 1, 2009 to be $22,222 by recording a reduction in additional paid-in capital of $150,000 and a decrease in deficit accumulated during the development stage of $127,778. The effect of this adjustment is recorded as a cumulative effect of change in accounting principle in our statements of stockholders’ equity (deficiency).  As of March 31, 2010, the fair value of these derivatives was $815,714 as recorded in the accompanying balance sheet as of March 31, 2010, as a component of a current liability, derivative liability. The change of $332,381 in fair value during the quarter ended March 31, 2010 is reported as a non-cash charge in our statement of operations as a component of other (income) expense.
 
In accordance with this pronouncement the Company estimated the fair value at the date of issuance of the conversion feature of the Convertible 12% Note and the fair value of the related warrants to purchase 2,444,444 shares of the Company’s common stock at $175,100 and $27,390, respectively.  As of March 31, 2010 the fair value of these derivatives totaled $375,622 and are recorded in the accompanying balance sheet as of March 31, 2010 as a component of derivative liability.  The change in fair value of $74,177 during quarter ended March 31, 2010 is reported as a non-cash charge in our statement of operations as a component of other (income) expense.
 
Additionally, in accordance with this pronouncement the Company estimated the fair value at the date of issuance of the 54,589,266 warrants issued in connection with the 2010 Equity Financing and the fair value of the related 3,369,289 warrants issued to the placement agents in the 2010 Equity Financing  at $2,713,087  and $180,873, respectively.  As of March 31, 2010 the fair value of these derivatives totaled $3,429,662 and are recorded in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2010 as a component of derivative liability.  The change in fair value of $535,703 during quarter ended March 31, 2010 is reported as a non-cash charge in the consolidated statement of operations as a component of other (income) expense.
 
9.
LICENSE AGREEMENTS
 
Altoderm License Agreement

On April 3, 2007, the Company entered into a license agreement for “Altoderm” (the “Altoderm Agreement”) with T&R. Pursuant to the Altoderm Agreement, the Company acquired an exclusive North American license to certain patent rights and other intellectual property relating to Altoderm, a topical skin lotion product candidate using sodium cromoglicate for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.
 
In February 2009, the Company terminated the Altoderm Agreement.  The Company has no further financial liability or commitment to T&R under the Altoderm Agreement.

 
24

 

MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Altolyn License Agreement

On April 3, 2007, the Company and T&R also entered into a license agreement for “Altolyn” (the “Altolyn Agreement”). Pursuant to the Altolyn Agreement, the Company acquired an exclusive North American license to certain patent rights and other intellectual property relating to Altolyn, an oral formulation product candidate using sodium cromoglicate for the treatment of mastocytosis, food allergies, and inflammatory bowel disorder.
 
In February 2009, the Company terminated the Altolyn Agreement for convenience.  The Company has no further financial liability or commitment to T&R under the Altolyn Agreement.
 
IGI Agreement for PTH (1-34)
 
On April 1, 2005, as part of the acquisition of Tarpan Therapeutics, Inc., the Company acquired a Sublicense Agreement with IGI, Inc. (the “IGI Agreement”) dated April 14, 2004.  Under the IGI Agreement the Company received the exclusive, world-wide, royalty bearing sublicense to develop and commercialize the licensed technology for the treatment of psoriasis.
 
In May 2009, the Company terminated the IGI Agreement.  The Company has no further financial liability or commitment to IGI, Inc. under the IGI Agreement.
 
10.
SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

Final Closing of 2010 Equity Financing
On April 8, 2010, the Company completed the final closing of the 2010 Equity Financing (see Note 7).  In connection with the final closing, the Company sold an aggregate of 2.4 additional Units and received net proceeds of approximately $51,700 after payment of an aggregate of $8,300 of commissions and expense allowance to placement agent. In connection with the final closing, the Company also issued a warrant to purchase 12,857 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.08 per share to the placement agent as additional compensation for its services.

In addition on April 8, 2010, the holder the 12% Convertible Note (see Note 6) with a stated value of $400,000 and $21,886 of accrued interest, exercised its option to convert its Debenture (including all accrued interest thereon) into 16.88 Units.  The conversion price was equal to the per Unit purchase price paid by the Investors in the private placement.

The Company issued a total of 6,885,717 shares of common stock and warrants to purchase 10,328,566 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $0.08 per share to the investors in the final closing of the 2010 Equity Financing, including the conversion of the 12% Convertible Note.

 
25

 
 
MANHATTAN PHARMACEUTICALS, INC. and SUBSIDIARIES
(a Development Stage Company)
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
Disagreement with Nordic
In April 2010 Nordic filed a Schedule 13D/A (the “Amended 13D”). The Company is not in agreement with the Amended 13D and has written a letter to Nordic explaining its disagreements.  The Amended 13D shows an aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock beneficially owned by Nordic of 216,666,666, or 65.5%.  The Company believes the correct beneficial ownership is 85,714,286 shares, or 42.9%.  The Amended 13D/A states that Nordic does not believe the Company’s determination of the anti-dilution shares accruing to Nordic as a result of the 2010 Equity Financing was neither reasonable nor made in good faith.  As the Company has previously stated we believe our determination was both reasonable and made in good faith.  The Amended 13D/A further states that Nordic acquired the right to purchase an additional 5,555,556 shares of the Company’s common stock upon exercise of the Nordic Put as a result of Nordic’s making an additional investment in the Hedrin JV of $500,000 in January 2010.  The Company is not in agreement with this claim, there is no adjustment to Nordic’s Put as a result of Nordic making additional capital contributions to the Hedrin JV.  In the letter to Nordic the Company also points out that Nordic’s valuation suggestions for the warrants issued in the 2010 Equity Financing ignore the concept of relative value inherent in the Hedrin JV Agreement.

 
26

 
 
Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
You should read the following discussion of our results of operations and financial condition in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009 (the “Annual Report”) and our financial statements for the three month period ended March 31, 2010 included elsewhere in this report.
 
We were incorporated in Delaware in 1993 under the name “Atlantic Pharmaceuticals, Inc.” and, in March 2000, we changed our name to “Atlantic Technology Ventures, Inc.”  In 2003, we completed a “reverse acquisition” of privately held “Manhattan Research Development, Inc”.  In connection with this transaction, we also changed our name to “Manhattan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.”  From an accounting perspective, the accounting acquirer is considered to be Manhattan Research Development, Inc. and accordingly, the historical financial statements are those of Manhattan Research Development, Inc.
 
During 2005 we merged with Tarpan Therapeutics, Inc. (“Tarpan”).  Tarpan was a privately held New York based biopharmaceutical company developing dermatological therapeutics.    This transaction was accounted for as a purchase of Tarpan by the Company.
 
On March 8, 2010, the Company entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger (the "Merger Agreement") by and among the Company, Ariston Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a Delaware corporation ("Ariston") and Ariston Merger Corp., a Delaware corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the "Merger Sub").  Pursuant to the terms and conditions set forth in the Merger Agreement, on March 8, 2010, the Merger Sub merged with and into Ariston (the "Merger"), with Ariston being the surviving corporation of the Merger.  As a result of the Merger, Ariston became a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company.  The operating results of Ariston from March 8, 2010 to March 31, 2009 are included in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.  The Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 31, 2010 reflects the acquisition of Ariston, effective March 8, 2010, the date of the Merger.
 
We are a specialty healthcare product company focused on developing and commercializing  pharmaceutical treatments for underserved patient populations.  We aim to acquire rights to these technologies by licensing or otherwise acquiring an ownership interest, funding their research and development and eventually either bringing the technologies to market or out-licensing.
 
This discussion includes “forward-looking” statements that reflect our current views with respect to future events and financial performance.  We use words such as we “expect,” “anticipate,” “believe,” and “intend” and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements.  Investors should be aware that actual results may differ materially from our expressed expectations because of risks and uncertainties inherent in future events, particularly those risks identified under the heading “Risk Factors” following Item 1 in the Annual Report, and should not unduly rely on these forward looking statements.

 
27

 

Results Of Operations
 
Three-month Period ended March 31, 2010 vs 2009
 
<
   
Quarters ended March 31,
   
Increase
   
% Increase
 
   
2010
   
2009
   
(decrease)
   
(decrease)